In preparing manuscripts, authors should follow the specific instructions listed below (these are also available online at: Manuscripts that do not adhere to these guidelines will be returned to the author without consideration.

Journal of the Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation (JESNT) accepts original articles, case reports, reviews, and letters to the editor. Manuscripts must be submitted to the editor-in-chief or the associate editor (see contact information).


There is no page limit for original articles, but authors are urged to be as concise as possible.


Except for expressing units of measurement, the use of abbreviations is discouraged. To introduce an abbreviation, on first mention in the text the full term should be spelled out, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Abbreviations must not be used in the Abstract or the manuscript title.


Units of Measurement
All measurements must be listed in SI units. Conventional units may be shown in parentheses after the SI units.

Text Style: Manuscripts must be typed on A4 paper in double-spaced format, using 12-point Times New Roman font, with ample margins at the top, bottom, and sides of each page. Type the text flush left. Enter only 1 space between words and between sentences. Type the page number in the upper right-hand corner of each page. Papers must be written in English, and authors are urged to aim for clarity, brevity, and accuracy of information and language.


Title Page:
This page of the manuscript should contain a concise and informative title comprising no more than 200 characters. List the authors' full names and affiliations. If the authors are affiliated with more than 1 institution, indicate the appropriate information using a superscripted Arabic numeral to match each author's name with that of the author’s department and institution. State any name disclaimers that apply. Indicate the name, mailing address, telephone, fax number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author. Grants and/or financial support for the work should be noted in a statement on this page.


A structured Abstract is required for original articles only. The Abstract cannot exceed 300 words, and should include 4 sections with the following subheadings:

  1. Objectives
  2. Material and Methods
  3. Results
  4. Conclusions

Three-to-five key words that do not appear on the Title Page should be included on the Abstract page.


Main Text:
The text of original articles should follow the Abstract and include the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, and Figure Legends. Figures, themselves, must be sent as separate files.


Introduction should appear without a heading. It should be concise and present relevant background information.


Materials and Methods section should contain a statement indicating that all protocols, experimental studies, and clinical trials involving human subjects were approved by the ethics committee of the institution before the study began, and that the protocols conformed to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Helsinki Declaration. It also must be stated that written informed consent was obtained from patients or their guardians. Individual patients should be identified by number rather than by initials. For animal studies, it must be stated that, before the study, all protocols were approved by the institution's animal welfare regulatory committee, and/or all protocols were in conformity with the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals published by the National Institutes of Health 86-23, revised in 1985.

Authors are responsible for any false statements, and for failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.


The reference style for Journal of the Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation (JASENT) is that set forth in the American Medical Association Manual of Style. In-text citations should use Arabic superscript numerals outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the text. The same system applies for references that are cited in a Table or Figure. Journal names (as listed in the January issue of Index Medicus for each year) and unpublished works and/or data should not be used as references, although written communications may be noted as such in the text. References cited as "in-press" must have been accepted for publication at the time the manuscript is submitted; they must not be in preparation or awaiting acceptance. Full pagination must be included. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references, and must verify them against the original document. The following styles are required:

Journal Articles: The names of all authors should be given unless there are more than 6, in which case the names of the first 3 authors are used, followed by "et al." Rainer S, Thomas D, Tokarz D, et al. Myofibrillogenesis regulator 1 gene mutations cause paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis. Arch Neurol. 2004;61(7):1025-1029.

Book Chapters:Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606.

Entire Books:Venables WN, Ripley BD. Modern Applied Statistics With S. 4th ed. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co; 2003.

Tables should be self-explanatory and should supplement, not duplicate the text. They should be placed after the Reference section. Do not submit Tables as photographs. Each Table should appear on a separate page, and be accompanied by a brief double-spaced Table legend. The text within the Table should also be double-spaced. Each Table must be cited in consecutive numerical order in the text, and should be identified with an Arabic numeral following the word "Table." Place a horizontal line below the legend, below the column headings, and at the end of the Table. Do not use vertical lines. To place text beneath a column heading, use a tab(s), not a space(s). Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the Table legend. Use appropriate symbols (eg, *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, #, **, ††, ‡‡) to designate footnotes. The footnotes for each Table should contain expanded versions of all abbreviations used in the Table contents, and should identify statistical measures of variation, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. If dates pertaining to other published sources (copyrighted material used) are noted in the Table, the author must obtain written permission from the publisher and the original author(s), and acknowledge this fully in a footnote or in an addition to the legend. Below each Table, provide a key with the abbreviations used in that Table, followed by its meaning, for example: "ECG, electrocardiogram; MMF, mycophenolatemofetil."

Number Figures as Figure 1, Figure 2, and refer to all of them in the text. Figures must be created with a computer program and submitted in their original formats. Legends and notes should be included in the article file and NOT in the Figure itself. Below each Figure, provide a key with the abbreviations used in that Figure, followed by its meaning, for example: "ECG, electrocardiogram; MMF, mycophenolatemofetil."

Figure Legends
The Figure legends should be typed in double-spaced format on a separate page following any Tables, with each Figure numbered and listed in the order it appears in the text. For Figures with multiple parts, each part must be identified by a letter following the Figure number (eg, 3A, 3B, 3C) and be clearly described in the legend. Any letter designations or arrows that appear in the Figure should be described fully. If any previously published Figure material is used, authors must obtain written permission from the publisher to reprint. The source of the original material must be cited in the reference list and in the Figure legend.


Contact JESNT


Prof. Mohamed Zanaty, MD

Nephrology Unit,

Zagazig University Hospital,

Zagazig University,

Zagazig, Egypt

Tel/Fax (+20) (55-2349423)

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Associate Editor:

Prof. Ayman F. Refaie, MD

Consultant Nephrologist

Urology & Nephrology Center,


Mansoura University,

Mansoura – Egypt.

Fax: (+20) (50-2263717)

Tel: (+20) (50-2262222)


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